Anatomy of a Peacekeeping Mission

Like Eufor Libya, the Eufor mandate in Chad and the Central African Republic was a response to a UN Security Council Resolution (1778) which was approved by the UN on 25 September 2007 and which received European Union approval 15 days later.

1778 authorized a “European Union operation” to deploy, for a period of one year from the date that its initial operating capability was declared by the European Union in consultation with the Secretary-General, and was similarly “authorized to take all necessary measures” within its capabilities and its area of operation (eastern Chad and the north-eastern Central African Republic).

This, in fulfilment of the following three functions (as agreed by the European Union and the United Nations, in liaison with the Governments of Chad and the Central African Republic):

(i) To contribute to protecting civilians in danger, particularly refugees and displaced persons;

(ii) To facilitate the delivery of humanitarian aid and the free movement of humanitarian personnel by helping to improve security in the area of operations;

(iii) To contribute to protecting United Nations personnel, facilities, installations and equipment and to ensuring the security and freedom of movement of its staff and United Nations and associated personnel.

In terms of timelines, Eufor was deployed in February 2008 and only reached Initial Operational Capability on 15 March 2008 (exactly 5 months after it was authorised by the EU Council). A year after that, a UN force took over the mandate.

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